- Volume 8 Issue 6
Decomposition Characteristics of Non-Degradable Liquid Waste under High Temperature and High Pressure Conditions
고온 고압 조건에서의 난분해성 액상폐기물 분해 특성
The specified wastes consist of waste acid, waste alkali, waste oil, waste organic solvent, waste resin, dust, sludge, infectious waste, and others. Among these specified wastes, a great portion is liquid phase wastes. The purpose of this study is to develop the high temperature and high pressure (HTHP) treatment system for decomposition of the liquid phase specified waste (LPSW). For this, we analyzed the physical and chemical properties of the LPSW such as density, proximate analysis, ultimate analysis, heating values, and designed 0.3 ton/day HTHP treatment system. The LPSW tested in this experiment were prepared by adding TCE(trichloroethylene) and toluene to liquid phase waste which was brought into the commercial waste treatment company. The average density of waste oil (25 samples), waste resin (5 samples), and waste solvent (12 samples) was 0.99 g/mL, 0.91 g/mL, and 0.93 g/mL, respectively. And the average lower heating value of waste oil, waste resin, and waste solvent was 8,294 kcal/kg, 5,809 kcal/kg, and 7,462 kcal/kg, respectively. The DRE (Destruction & Removal Efficiency) of TCE and toluene were 99.95% and 99.73% at atmospheric pressure conditions and that were 99.99% and 99.82% at pressurized conditions, respectively. These results showed that TCE/toluene mixtures were properly decomposed over about 99.73% of DRE by the HTHP treatment system and pressurized conditions were more effective to destroy those pollutants than atmospheric pressure conditions. Also these systems could be directly applied to industries which try to treat the liquid phase specified waste within the regulation limit.
지정폐기물은 폐산, 폐알칼리, 폐유, 폐유기용제, 폐합성수지, 먼지, 슬러지, 감염성폐기물 등이며, 이 중에서 많은 부분이 폐산, 폐알칼리, 폐유, 폐유기용제, 폐합성수지 등 액상지정폐기물이다. 이와 같은 액상지정폐기물을 적절히 분해하기 위해 먼저 액상지정폐기물에 대하여 밀도, 삼성분, 원소분석, 발열량 등 물리화학적 특성을 분석하고 0.3톤/일급의 고온고압시스템을 설계하였으며, 반응온도는