The Development of Emission Factors of Greenhouse Gas from Middle and Small-Scaled RPF Incineration Facility by Concentration Measurement and Fuel Composition

농도실측 및 연료 성분조성에 의한 중소형 RPF 소각시설의 온실가스 배출계수 개발

  • Na, Kyung-Ho (Gyeonggi-do Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Song, Il-Seok (Gyeonggi-do Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Choi, Si-Lim (Gyeonggi-do Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Yoo, Jae-In (Gyeonggi-do Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Park, Ik-Beom (Gyeonggi-do Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Gil (Gyeonggi-do Institute of Health and Environment)
  • Received : 2012.04.24
  • Accepted : 2012.07.16
  • Published : 2012.08.31


This study was carried out to develop for the emission factor of greenhouse gas (GHG) from medium and smallscaled incineration facility using RPF which is considering as a part of renewable energy in UNFCC. The actual concentration of the exhaust gas and the fuel composition of RPF were measured for the calculation of GHG emission factor in RPF incinerators, and were compared with the IPCC guideline. The $CO_2$ and $N_2O$ emission factors by the actual concentration of exhaust gas were $2.3575{\pm}1.0070tCO_2/tRPF$ and $0.0014{\pm}0.0014tN_2O/tRPF$ respectively. Also, $CO_2$ emission factor by the RPF composition was $2.7057{\pm}0.0540tCO_2/tRPF$. The GHG emission factor per energy by the actual concentration was $83.0867{\pm}26.0346tCO_2e/TJ$ which showed higher consistency with the GHG emission factor ($80.3967tCO_2e/TJ$) of waste plastic in the IPCC guideline (2006b). The $CO_2$ and $N_2O$ emission factor calculated in this study is considered as a meaningful data for GHG emission factor of RPF incineration facility because of not being developed in ROK.



  1. Chung, J.Y., S.D. Kim, B.B. Jin, J.K. Lee, C.H. Bang, and S.H. Eun (2008) Estimation methodologies of greenhouse gas emission from waste incinerators in Korea, Korea Society of Waste Management Annual Fall Conference Proceedings, 159-162.
  2. IPCC (1995) 1995 IPCC guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas inventories.
  3. IPCC (2006a) 2006 IPCC guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas inventories, Vol 5 Waste.
  4. IPCC (2006b) 2006 IPCC guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas inventories, Vol 2 Energy.
  5. Jang, H.S. (2000) A study of Nitrous Oxide decomposition by Calcium Oxide, Korean Society of Environ Engineers 6(1), 1085.
  6. Jang, Y.K., J. Kim, and K. Kim (2008) Variation of greenhouse gas emission factors and emissions by waste incineration, Korean Society of Environ Engineers, 30(3), 243-249.
  7. Korea Invironment institute (1997) 1996 National waste survey, 2-51.
  8. Lee, S.B., J.H. Hong, D.J. Kim, S.H. Lee, H.D. Song, S.M. Choi, and J.G. Im (2007) A study on the estimation of emission characteristics of greenhouse gases in the waste incineration, Proceeding of the 45th Meeting of KOSAE (2007), Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, 56-57.
  9. Ministry of Environment (2002) 2001 National Waste Survey, 5-74.
  10. Ministry of Environment (2010) Workshops for solid fuel energizing, 5, 96.
  11. Ministry of Environment (2011) The Guideline for Greenhouse gas emissions and energy objectives management operating, 636.
  12. Ministry of Environment (2011) Standards of Air Pollution.
  13. Mutual Aid for Korea Industrial Waste Treatment (2008) Problems and improvement of industrial waste recycling, news letter.
  14. Na, K.H., I.S. Song., S.L. Choi, J.I. Yoo, I.B. Park, and J.G. Kim (2011) Calculation of air pollutant Emission Factors and Reduction Measures of Pollutants from the middle and small scale RPF Incinerators. The report of Gyeonggi-do Institute of Health & Environment, 133-146.
  15. National Institute of Environmental Research (2007) Third (2006-2007) national waste survey, 13-38.
  16. Prime Minister's Office, Ministry of Strategy and Finance, Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (2008) The first national energy basic plan (2008-2030), The Third National Energy Board, Bill number 1, 3.
  17. Ryu, Y.B., Y.D. Kim, M.S. Kang, G.W. Lee, B.H. Shon, and M.S. Lee (2010) The physicochemical characteristics of manufactured RPF by industrial combustibility waste, The Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society Journal, 11(1), 234-241.
  18. The Government of the Republic of Korea (2011) Third National Report of the Republic of Korea under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 74.
  19. Yun, S.K. (2007) Development of GHG emission factors for alternative fuels with assessment of emission reduction in cement industry, Graduate student good articles for United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Korea Energy Management Corporation, 42-43.