Exploring Sub-watershed suitable to UN-REDD/AR-CDM by Comparative Evaluation of Carbon Stock in Baekdu Mountain

백두산에서 탄소저장량 비교분석을 통한 UN REDD/AR-CDM 등록대상 소유역 추적

  • Joo, Seung-Min (Dept. of Spatial Information, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Um, Jung-Sup (Dept. of Geography. Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2013.12.02
  • Accepted : 2014.04.07
  • Published : 2014.04.30


UN-REDD (United Nations programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation in Developing Countries) and AR-CDM (Afforestation/Reforestation-Clean Development Mechanism) is currently being emerged as one of important mechanism to reduce carbon dioxide in relation to the deforestation. Discussion on North Korea as UN-REDD/AR-CDM project target continues with a view to preventing deforestation and to securing CER(certified emission reduction) for South Korea. The forests in Mt. Baekdu are degraded, deforestation is occurred, nevertheless, portion of forested area is still high, where both REDD and AR-CDM investment potential are quite high. Accordingly, this study is intended to explore a simultaneous registration potential to UNREDD/AR-CDM for Mt. Baekdu although separate registration to UN-REDD or AR-CDM has already gained worldwide recognition as a typical method in the process of GHG (Greenhouse Gas) reduction project. The results indicate that selecting UN-REDD or AR-CDM in accordance with sub-watershed forest condition could capture 53.2% more carbon dioxide than REDD alone and 21.9% more than AR-CDM alone. It is anticipated that this research output could be used as a realistic evidence to introduce carbon sequestering project in accordance with sub-watershed forest condition.

UN-REDD/AR-CDM이 산림파괴로 인한 이산화탄소 배출을 줄이기 위한 중요한 제도로 국제사회에서 부상되고 있다. 북한의 산림 파괴를 막는 동시에 남한의 탄소배출권 확보라는 측면에서 북한 지역을 UN-REDD/AR-CDM 사업대상지로 등록하고자 하는 논의가 지속되고 있다. 백두산의 산림은 황폐화되어 있는 지역과 거대한 숲의 바다를 이루고 있는 지역이 혼재하고 있어 UN-REDD과 AR-CDM의 등록대상이 될 수 있는 것으로 확인된다. 따라서 본 연구의 목적은 기존의 REDD와 AR-CDM의 개별 등록방식에서 탈피하여 소유역별 탄소저장량 변화추세에 의거 UN-REDD와 AR-CDM 등록가능성을 모색하는 데 있다. 소유역별로 AR-CDM/REDD을 동시에 적용할 경우 AR-CDM 단일 방식 보다 21.9%, REDD 단일방식보다 53.2% 높은 탄소저장량을 나타내었다. 본 연구의 결과는 소유역별 탄소저장량 변화특성에 의거 UN-REDD나 AR-CDM을 선택하여 등록여부를 검토하는 과정에서 중요한 참고자료로 활용될 수 있을 것이다.



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