Reliability of Sn-Ag-Cu Solder Joint on ENEPIG Surface Finish: 2. Effects of time of Pd activation

ENEPIG 표면처리에서의 Sn-Ag-Cu 솔더조인트 신뢰성: 2. Pd 촉매 시간의 영향

  • Received : 2014.08.20
  • Accepted : 2014.09.25
  • Published : 2014.09.30


The reliability of solder joint is significantly affected by the property of surface finish. This paper reports on a study of high speed shear energy and failure mode for Sn-4.0wt%Ag-0.5wt%Cu (SAC405) solder joints with the time of Pd activation. The nodule size of electroless Ni-P deposit increased with increasing the time of Pd activation. The roughness (Ra) of electroless Ni-P deposit decreased with increasing the time of Pd activation. Then, with $HNO_3$ vapor, the quasi-brittle and brittle mode of SAC405 solder joint decreased with increasing the time of Pd activation. This results indicate that the increase in the Pd activation time for Electroless Ni/ Electroless Pd/ Immersion Au (ENEPIG) surface finish play a critical role for improving the robustness of SAC405 solder joint.

솔더조인트의 신뢰성에는 인쇄회로기판의 표면처리 특성이 많은 영향을 미치고 있다. 본 연구에서는 ENEPIG 표면처리에서 Sn-4.0wt%Ag-0.5wt%Cu (SAC405) 솔더와 Pd 촉매 처리 시간에 따른 high speed shear 에너지 및 파괴 모드를 연구하였다. 또한 Pd 촉매 처리 시간과 무전해 Ni-P 도금의 표면 거칠기 (Ra)와의 관계를 규명하였다. Pd 촉매 처리 시간이 길어질수록 Ni-P nodule의 면적은 넓어지고, Ni-P 도금의 표면 거칠기 (Ra)는 감소한다. 이러한 영향으로 질산 기상 처리한 시편의 high speed shear 평가후 quasi-brittle과 brittle 모드의 점유율은 감소한다. 이는 Pd 촉매 처리 시간의 증가가 SAC405 솔더조인트의 신뢰도를 향상시키는 역할을 한다는 것을 나타낸다.



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