Adsorption Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Isosteric Heat of Adsorption of Rhodamin-B onto Granular Activated Carbon

입상 활성탄에 의한 Rhodamin-B의 흡착 열역학, 동력학 및 등량 흡착열에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Jong Jib (Division of chemical Engineering, Kongju National University)
  • 이종집 (공주대학교 화학공학부)
  • Received : 2016.02.15
  • Accepted : 2016.03.18
  • Published : 2016.04.10


The adsorption of Rhodamine-B dye using granular activated carbon from aqueous solution was investigated. Adsorption experiments were carried out as a function of the adsorbent dose, pH initial concentration, contact time and temperature. The equilibrium adsorption data showed a good fit to Langmuir isotherm model. Based on the estimated Langmuir separation factor ($R_L$ = 0.0164~0.0314), our adsorption process could be employed as an effective treatment method. The kinetics of adsorption followed the pseudo first order model. Also, the negative values of Gibbs free energy (-4.51~-13.44 kJ/mol) and positive enthalpy (128.97 kJ/mol) indicated that the adsorption was spontaneous and endothermic process. The isosteric heat of adsorption increased with increase in the surface loading indicating lateral interactions between the adsorbed dye molecules.

입상 활성탄을 사용하여 수용액으로부터 Rhodamine-B 염료의 흡착에 대해 조사하였다. 회분식 실험은 흡착제의 양, pH 초기농도와 접촉시간과 온도를 흡착변수로 사용하여 수행하였다. 흡착평형자료는 Langmuir 등온식에 잘 맞았다. 평가된 Langmuir 분리계수($R_L$ = 0.0164~0.0314)로부터 이 흡착공정이 적절한 처리방법이 될 수 있음을 알았다. 흡착속도실험결과는 유사 1차 반응속도식에 잘 맞는 것으로 나타났다. 음수값의 Gibbs 자유에너지(-4.51~-13.44 kJ/mol)와 양수값의 엔탈피(128.97 kJ/mol)는 흡착이 자발적이고 흡열공정으로 진행된다는 것을 나타냈다. 등량흡착열은 흡착된 염료분자들의 측면상호작용에 따라 표면부하량이 증가할수록 커졌다.



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