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The Effects of Virtual Reality-Based Occupational Therapy Program on the Physical Function and Learning Capacity of School-Age Intellectual Disability Children

가상현실 기반 작업치료프로그램이 학령기 지적장애 아동의 신체기능 및 학습능력에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Ko-Un (Thejalam Sensory Integration Development Research Institute) ;
  • Oh, Hye-Won (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Woosuk University)
  • 김고운 (더자람감각통합발달연구소) ;
  • 오혜원 (우석대학교 작업치료학과)
  • Received : 2020.09.25
  • Accepted : 2020.10.30
  • Published : 2021.02.28

Abstract

Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a virtual reality-based occupational therapy program on the physical function and learning ability of intellectually disabled school-aged children. Methods : In this study, 20 intellectually disabled children of school age were randomly and evenly divided into experimental and control groups with children in the experimental group receiving a virtual reality-based occupational therapy intervention. The study adopted a pretest-posttest design. The intervention was conducted for a total of 12 sessions for six weeks, twice a week, and 50 minutes per session. As measurement tools, BOT-2 and grooved pegboard tests were used to compare physical function before and after the intervention program, and K-ABC was used to check changes in learning ability. Results : The occupational therapy program produced a significant improvement in both physical function and learning ability of the experimental group. A significant difference was observed between the experimental and control groups. Conclusion : This study confirmed the value and usefulness of virtual reality-based occupational therapy as a tool for enhancing the physical function and learning ability of intellectually disabled school-aged children. Based on the results, a variety of future studies are encouraged that would further test the effects of the occupational therapy program used here.

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