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The Effects of Case-Based Learning on Problem-Solving Ability, Self-Directed Learning Ability, and Academic Self-Efficacy

사례기반학습이 간호대학생의 문제해결능력, 자기주도학습능력과 학업적자기효능감에 미치는 효과

  • Kim, Ji-Suk (Dept. of Nursing, Uiduk University) ;
  • Choi, Hee-Jung (Dept. of Nursing, Uiduk University)
  • 김지숙 (위덕대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 최희정 (위덕대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2021.01.21
  • Accepted : 2021.02.10
  • Published : 2021.02.28

Abstract

Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of case-based learning application in human growth development classes on nursing students' problem-solving ability, self-directed learning ability, and academic self-efficacy. Methods : The research method was a self-report questionnaire before and after case-based learning for second-year nursing students who took the human growth development course at U University in K city. The collected data were statistically processed using SPSS WIN 21.0. Results : The results of the study showed that after case-based learning, problem-solving ability, self-directed learning ability, and academic self-efficacy were all significantly improved. In addition, as a result of examining the correlation between each variable after case-based learning, problem solving ability score and self-directed learning ability score (r=.54, p<.01), and problem solving ability scores and academic self-efficacy scores (r=.44, p<.01), were significantly correlated with self-directed learning ability scores and the academic self-efficacy reduction scores (r=.76, p<.01). Conclusion : The results of this study suggested the need for various learning programs such as case-based learning to improve nursing students' problem-solving abilities and self-directed learning abilities and their application. In addition, to improve the learning self-efficacy of nursing students, a continuous and systematic study is suggested to develop and apply customized educational programs according to the learners' preferences. Since the sample group in this study was limited to one university, there were few cases and no control group, so there are limitations in generalizing the test effect, However, significant differences a were verified in the case-based learning pre-tests and post-tests.

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