Research on Digital twin-based Smart City model: Survey

디지털 트윈 기반 스마트 시티 모델 연구 동향 분석

  • Han, Kun-Hee (Division of Computer Engineering, Baekseok University) ;
  • Hong, Sunghyuck (Division of Smart IT Engineering, Baekseok University)
  • 한군희 (백석대학교 컴퓨터공학부) ;
  • 홍성혁 (백석대학교 스마트IT공학부)
  • Received : 2021.09.15
  • Accepted : 2021.11.20
  • Published : 2021.11.28


As part of the digital era, a digital twin that simulates the weak part of a product by performing a stress test that reduces the lifespan of some expensive equipment that cannot be done in reality by accurately moving the real world to virtual reality is being actively used in the manufacturing industry. Due to the development of IoT, the digital twin, which accurately collects data collected from the real world and makes it the same in the virtual space, is mutually beneficial through accurate prediction of urban life problems such as traffic, disaster, housing, quarantine, energy, environment, and aging. Based on its action, it is positioned as a necessary tool for smart city construction. Although digital twin is widely applied to the manufacturing field, this study proposes a smart city model suitable for the 4th industrial revolution era by using it to smart cities and increasing citizens' safety, welfare, and convenience through the proposed model. In addition, when a digital twin is applied to a smart city, it is expected that more accurate prediction and analysis will be possible by real-time synchronization between the real and virtual by maintaining realism and immediacy through real-time interaction.

디지털시대의 일환으로 현실세계를 가상으로 정확하게 옮겨서 현실에서 할 수 없는 어떤 고가의 장비 수명을 저하시키는 스트레스 테스트를 실시하여 제품의 취약부분을 시뮬레이션 하는 디지털 트윈이 제조업에서 활발히 사용되고 있다. IoT의 발전으로 인해 현실세계에서 수집되는 데이터를 정확하게 수집하여 가상의 공간에 동일하게 만드는 디지털 트윈은 교통, 재난, 주거, 방역, 에너지, 환경, 고령화 같은 도시 생활의 문제에 대한 정확한 예측을 할 수 있기 때문에 스마트 시티 건설에 필요한 도구로 자리매김하고 있다. 디지털 트윈은 제조업분야에 적용이 많이 되고 있지만 본 연구에서는 스마트 시티에 적용하여 4차산업혁명시대에 걸 맞는 스마트 시티 모델을 제안하고 제안된 모델을 통한 시민의 안전, 복지와 편리성을 증가시켜 기술의 발전이 삶의 질을 향상시키는 데 기여하고 한다. 또한, 디지털 트윈을 스마트 시티에 적용할 경우 실시간 상호작용을 통하여 현실성과 즉시성을 유지함으로써 현실과 가상간의 실시간 동기화를 통화여 보다 정확한 예측 및 분석을 할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.



This research was supported by 2021 Baekseok University Research Fund.


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