In this paper, in order to get the characteristics of the lithium secondary cell, such as charge and discharge characteristic, temperature characteristic, self-discharge characteristic and the capacity recovery rate etc, we build a thermal model that estimate the impedance of battery by experiment & simulation. In this one-dimensional model, Seven governing equations are made to solve seven variables c, $c_s,\;\Phi_1,\;\Phi_2,\;i_2$, j and T. The thermal model parameters used in this model have been adjusted according to the experimental data measured in the laboratory. The result(Voc, Impedance) of this research can be used in BMS(Battery Management System), so an efficient method of using battery is developed.