• Title/Summary/Keyword: AR

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GPS-based Augmented Reality System for Social Network Environment (소셜 네트워크 환경에서 GPS기반 증강현실 시스템)

  • Yang, Seung-Eui;Jieg, Jiu;Jung, Hoe-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.762-767
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    • 2013
  • Recently, researches on augmented reality(AR) are actively being conducted, and on addition of AR in social network system has become a necessity. In this paper, we propose GPS-based AR system for social network. This proposed system adds the recent check-in coordinates by automatically synchronizing a friend list in facebook and represents those added location coordinates in a real-world environment by using AR. Marker-based AR system that was commonly used by existing users consumes too much storage space and processing frequency for driving handle devices. But, location-based AR application can solves the disvantages of the standard marker=based AR system. Therefore, this proposed system allows an user with iOS hand devices to use GPS-based AR system by automatically searching the optimal speed for wifi and 4G. This will improve social network service.

AC Breakdown Characteristics of Pure Ar, $N_2$ Gas and Ar/$N_2$ Gas Mixutres under Uniform and Non-Uniform Fields (평등 및 불평등 전계하에서 순수 Ar, $N_2$가스와 Ar/$N_2$혼합 가스의 교류절연파괴 특성)

  • 이상우;김인식;이동인;이광식;김이국
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, the AC breakdown characteristics of pure Ar and $N_2$gas with gas pressure range of 58.8~137.3[kPa] under uniform and non-uniform fields were investigated, and the measured values were compared with those in Ar/$N_2$gas mixtures with pressure varying. Summarizing the experimental results, the breakdown voltages of pure $N_2$gas, under uniform and non-uniform fields, were increased about 4.8 and 1.1 times than those of pure Ar gas, and the AC breakdown voltage increased with the pressure increasing. The breakdown voltages of Ar/$N_2$ gas mixtures were decreased with decreasing the mixture ratio of $N_2$gas. In case of Ar(85%)/$N_2$(15%) and Ar(70%)/$N_2$(30%) gas mixtures comparing to the pure Ar gas, the breakdown voltages under uniform field were increased about 1.5 and 2.1 times, and under non-uniform field were increased about 1.1 and 1.3 times at the pressure of 101.3[kPa]. Also, corona inception voltage of Ar(70%)/$N_2$(30%) gas mixtures under non-uniform field were increased about 1.5 times than those of pure Ar gas.

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Study on the Surface Reaction of Pt Thin Film with SF$_6$/Ar and Cl$_2$/Ar Plasma Gases (Pt 박막의 SF$_6$/Ar과 C1$_2$/Ar 플라즈마 가스와의 표면반응에 관한 연구)

  • 김상훈;주섭열;안진호
    • Journal of the Microelectronics and Packaging Society
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.63-67
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    • 2001
  • Up to now, most studies about Pt-etching have been focused on physical sputtering mechanism with Cl-based plasma, while only a limited results are available for etching characteristics with fluorine-based plasma. In this study, etch characteristics of Pt thin film with $Cl_2$/Ar and $SF_{6}$/Ar Ar gas chemistries have been studied with ECR plasma etching system. It is confirmed that $SF_{6}$/Ar Ar plasma chemistry could make volatile etch-products through the reaction with Pt thin film. Also the improvement in etch rate, etch profile and surface roughness is obtained due to the formation of volatile platinum fluoride compounds.

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Implementation of a Location-Based SNS System Using AR (증강현실을 이용한 위치기반 SNS 시스템 구현)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Sub;Park, Young-Cheol;Eom, Chan-jin;Lee, Yun-Bok;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.133-138
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    • 2019
  • Recently, SNS is one of the most prominent areas and AR is a technology in the spotlight. In this paper, AR technology is applied to SNS to provide community functions and we develop the related technologies. The system developed in this paper provides differentiated communication among users by providing community functions applying location information and AR such as displaying AR message and finding a path using AR in current location. In addition, this paper presents a method of using the existing map APIs considering their characteristics as a method to obtain map information essential for the implementation of location-based AR.

The Effects of Learning Activities on the Application of Augmented Reality Contents in Elementary Science Instruction (초등학교 과학수업에서 AR 콘텐츠 활용이 학습 활동에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2009
  • This study compared the differences between a group that studied with AR contents and a group that studied in a traditional method to examine the effects of AR contents use in elementary school science classes. The effects in four areas of studying were examined : study focus rate, study activities consuming variables, study participation activeness and instructional climate. As a result, there was no significant difference in study concentration rate between the AR and traditional groups. For study participation activeness, the AR group had higher participation actions, but there was no difference between the groups for language participation. For study activities consuming variables, the AR group stimulated more diverse study activities than the traditional group. For instruction climate, the AR contents group contributed more to creating a positive climate compared to the traditional group. Therefore, the results showed that application of AR contents on science classes would stimulate active participation of students and various study activities and help create a positive instructional climate.

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Prediction of Groundwater Levels in Hillside Slopes Using the Autoregressive Model (AR 모델을 이용한 산사면에서의 지하수위 예측)

  • Lee, In-Mo;Park, Gyeong-Ho;Im, Chung-Mo
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 1993
  • Korea being composed of a number of mountains has been damaged and destroyed in lives and properties by the occurrence of many landslides during the wet seasons. Therefore, it is necessary to study the forecast system and risk analysis for the occurrence of landslides : the rise of groundwater levels due to rainfall is the main cause of landslides. In this paper, the autoregressive models are used to predict the grondwater levls using cases of both time invariant and time -varing autoregressive coefficients. In the former case, AR(1), AR(2), and AR(3) models are selected and their single-valued parameters are estimated to fit them to the observed groundwater level series. In the latter case, modified AR(1) and typical AR(2) models are used as process model and a discrete Kalman Filtering technique is utilized to estimate the parameters which are themselves a function of time. The results show that the real time forecast system using the time-varying autoregressive coefficinets as well as time -invariant AR model is good to predict the groundwater level in hillside slopes and we might get better result if we use the time-hourly rainfall intensity as well as the observed groundwater level.

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Identification of Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory Protein mRNA in the Rat Ovary and Adrenal G land (흰쥐 난소 및 부신에서 Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory Protein mRNA의 발현에 관한 연구)

  • 김명옥
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 1998
  • The synthesis of steroid hormone starts from cholesterol. Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein(StAR) transfers cholesterol acutely from the outer mitochondrial membranes to the inner in the early step of steroidogenesis. Many kinds of steroid hormones are mainly synthesized in adrenal grand, ovary and testis. The purpose of this study is to determine the distribution of StAR mRNA in the rat ovary and adrenal gland and to confirm the functions of StAR in these organs. In the ovary, StAR mRNAs were strongly expressed in the corpus luteum, where progesterone is synthesized, and these were weakly expressed in the theca layer of follicles, where androgen is synthesized. However, StAR mRNAs were not detected in the estrogen producing granulosa cells of growing follicles. In the corpus luteum, StAR mRNAs were strongly loclized in the zona fasciculata and zona reticularis, where glucocorticoid is mainly synthesized. StAR mRNAs were weakly expressed in the zona gromerulosa, where mineralcorticoid is synthesized. StAR mRNAs were not detected in the adrenal medulla. In our results, StAR mRNAs were expressed differentially in the steroidogenic cells of ovary and adrenal gland according to the types of steroid hormones, and the statges of corpus luteum development. We conclude that StAR is involved in the steroidogenesis at the very early step of steroid synthesis cascade.

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K-Ar and $^{40}$ Ar/$^{39}$ Ar Ages from Metasediments in the Okcheon Metamorphic Belt and their Tectonic Implication (옥천 변성대 변성퇴적암의 K-Ar및 $^{40}$ Ar/$^{39}$ Ar 연대와 그 의의)

  • 김성원;오창환;이덕수;이정후
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.79-99
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    • 2003
  • Muscovite and biotite from 52 metasediments and 5 granites in the Hwasan area, the southwest of the Okcheon metamorphic belt and the Miwon-Jeungpyeong area, central Okcheon metamorphic belt were dated by the K-Ar and $^{40}$ Ar/$^{39}$ Ar methods. Muscovite and biotite ages from metapelitic and psammitic rocks (metasediments) of the Boeun and Pibanryeong units in the Hwasan area are concentrated in the mid-Jurassic (149-180 Ma). K-Ar and $^{40}$ Ar/$^{39}$ Ar ages for metapelitic and psammitic rocks of the Boeun and Pibanryeong units in the Miwon-Jeungpyeong area show complicated age distribution. Muscovite and biotite ages are classified by three groups, 142-194 Ma, 216-234 Ma, and 241-277 Ma. Younger (Cretaceous) ages occur only in metasediments close to Cretaceous granitic rocks in the southeastern region and the older ages of 216-277 Ma are restricted to the middle Part of the Jeungpyeong area. Most ages in the other area of the central Okcheon metamorphic belt fall between 142-194 Ma (Jurassic). K-Ar and $^{40}$ Ar/$^{39}$ Ar ages for granite from the northern part in the both the southwest and central Okcheon metamorphic belt also gave middle Jurassic ages (156-168 Ma). The similar ages from both metasediments and granites in the study areas indicate simultaneous cooling of both rocks to 300-350$^{\circ}C$ during the middle Jurassic. The state of graphitization of carbonaceous material of all metasediments in the study areas Indicates fully ordered graphite falling within a small range, from 3.353 to 3.359 ${\AA}$, which indicate amphibolite facies regional metamorphism. In the southern sector of the Boeun unit from the Hwasan area, metamorphic grade indicated by mineral paragenesis during regional intermediate-P/T metamorphism is greenschist facies. Whereas, the $d_{002}$ values for carbonaceous materials in the same sector show fully ordered graphite (ca. 500$^{\circ}C$) indicating amphibolite facies. This result with the concentration of mica ages of metasediments into the middle Jurassic, the presence of low-P/T thermal metamorphic zone (>500$^{\circ}C$) in the metasediments close to the Jurassic granite and the regional intrusion of Jurassic granites and their middle Jurassic intrusion and cooling ages may indicate the low-P/T regional thermal event during the early(\ulcorner)-middle Jurassic after main intermediate-P/T metamorphism which formed main mineral assemblage regionally in the study area. The regional thermal event failed, however, to reset the mineral assemblage of regional intermediate-P/T metamorphism except for narrow aureole (1-2 km) around Jurassic granite because e duration of thermal effect was relatively short by repid cooling of the Jurassic granite. In the middle part of the Jeungpyeong area, central Ogcheon metamorphic belt, muscovite and biotite K-Ar ages from 5 samples are 263-277 Ma and 241-249 Ma, respectively. An intermediate-P/T metamorphism is currently accepted to have occurred between 280 and 300 Ma. Therefore, the muscovite and biotite ages can be interpreted as cooling ages after Ml metamorphism indicating rapid cooling to ca 350$^{\circ}C$ between 280-300 Ma and 263-271 Ma, and biotite ages indicate slower cooling to ca. 300$^{\circ}C$ between 263-277 Ma and 241-249 Ma. However, more detail study is needed to confirm why the Permian to Triassic ages occur only in the middle Part of the Jeungpyeong area.a.

ab initio Calculations on Alkali Atom - Rare Gas Van Der Waals Clusters (알칼리 금속 - 비활성 기체 반데르발스 복합체에 대한 양자화학적 계산)

  • Lee, Bo Soon;Lee, Sung Yul
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.190-193
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    • 2000
  • ab initio calculations are presented for M-Rg and M-Rg2 (M=Li, Na, Rg=He, Ar) van der Waals clusters.InternucIear distances and binding energies of LiHe, LiAr and NaAr obtained by all-electron MP2(6-311++G(3df,3pd)) method are in good agreement with experimental values. Calculated properties of LiHe$_2$, LiAr$_2$, NaHe$_2$ and NaAr$_2$ are also reported.

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Inductively Coupled $Ar/Cl_2$ Plasma Analysis with Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer (QMS) (사중극자 질량분석기(QMS)를 이용한 $Ar/Cl_2$ 유도결합 플라즈마 분석)

  • Kim, Jong-Gyu;Kim, Gwan-Ha;Lee, Cheol-In;Kim, Chang-Il
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.41-43
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    • 2005
  • $Cl_2$ 플라즈마에 있어서 Ar 가스의 첨가에 의한 효과를 보기 위해 Ar 첨가 비율 rf 전력, 반응로 압력을 변화시켜가며 그 에너지와 질량을 분석하였다. Ar 첨가 비율에 따른 각 입자들의 질량 분석을 통해서, Ar의 비율이 80% 일 때 물리적, 화학적 반응이 최대가 되는 것을 확인하였다. 또한 Ar 첨가 비율에 따른 각 이온들의 에너지 분석을 통해, Ar 가스의 첨가에 의해 $Cl^+$$Cl_2^+$ 이온들의 이온 선속은 증가하나 그 에너지가 감소하는 것을 확인하였다. 반응로 압력과 rf 전력의 제어를 통해 이온 전류밀도, 이온 에너지와 전자온도를 제어 할 수 있음을 확인하였고, Ar 첨가 비율을 변화시키면서 전자 밀도 분포 함수의 변화를 관찰하여 이를 통해 Ar 비율에 따른 이온화 비율과 전자 온도, 밀도 등의 관계를 확인하였다.

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