• Title/Summary/Keyword: AR

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A study on the components of the Metaverse ecosystem (메타버스 생태계 구성 요소에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Sang Hee;Jeon, In-oh
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.163-174
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    • 2022
  • Despite the great interest in the metaverse from academia and industry, research so far has been focused on a specific area, and the background of the study is in the recognition that research is necessary from the perspective of the entire metaverse ecosystem. The purpose of this study was to derive the metaverse research framework and each component to study from the perspective of the metaverse ecosystem, and to study the development stage of the metaverse ecosystem. From an academic point of view, the ecosystem components were derived through the Metaverse IDC-Platform, a framework for applying Michael Porter's diamond model to the metaverse. From a practical point of view, the four components of the metaverse ecosystem interact with each other in terms of metaverse application and development. As the basis of this study, it can be used strategically because it is possible to identify areas for reinforcement in academia and industry and provide basic data for insight by closely examining the strengths and weaknesses of each component. The contribution of research is that it has created a foundation for research that has been limited to specific areas from an ecosystem perspective, unlike before.

Analysis on dam operation effect and development of an function formula and automated model for estimating suitable site (댐의 운영효과 분석과 적지선정 함수식 및 자동화 모형 개발)

  • Choo, Taiho;Kim, Yoonku;Kim, Yeongsik;Yun, Gwanseon
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 2019
  • Intake ratio from river constitutes about 31% (8/26) that beings to "water stress country" as "Medium ~ High" with China, India, Italy, South Africa, etc. Therefore, the present study on a dam that is the most effective and direct for securing water resources has been performed. First of all, climate change scenarios were investigated and analyzed. RCP 4.5 and 8.5 with 12.5 km grid resolution presented in the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) 5th Assessment Report (AR5) were applied to study watershed using SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) and HEC-ResSim models that carried out co-operation. Based on the results of dam simulation, the reduction effects of floods and droughts were quantitatively presented. The procedures of dam projects of the USA, Japan and Korea were investigated. As a result, there are no estimating quantitative criteria, calculating methods or formulas. In the present study, therefore, indexes for selecting suitable dam site through literature investigation and analyzing dam watersheds were determined, Expert questionnaire for various indexes were performed. Based on the above mentioned investigation and expert questionnaire, a methodology assigning weight using AHP method were proposed. The function of suitable dam (FSDS) site was calibrated and verified for four medium-sized watersheds. Finally, automated model for suitable dam site was developed using FSDS and 'Model builder' of GIS tool.

Vulnerability Assessment of Maize and Wheat Production to Temperature Change - In Case of USA and China - (기온변화에 대한 옥수수와 밀 생산량 취약성 평가 - 미국과 중국을 사례로 -)

  • Song, Yongho;Lee, Woo-Kyun;Kwak, Hanbin;Kim, Moonil;Yang, Seung-Ryong
    • Journal of Climate Change Research
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.371-384
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    • 2013
  • The appearance of abnormal weather caused by climate change have both direct and indirect impact on the society. Especially, agriculture is brought up as a socially important interest having direct impact of climate change in growth and harvest of crops. This study aims to perform vulnerability assessment for the South Korea's two main imported grains, maize and wheat. The production vulnerability assessment of maize and wheat in USA and China to temperature variability, which has a great impact in production, is performed. First, grain cultivation period which affects productivity of main grain production country was selected based on the main cultivation period from several references and previous studies. Then, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change AR5 greenhouse gas scenario RCP(representative concentration pathways)8.5 scenarios was used to select the future climate that correspond to the cultivation period of maize and wheat for each producing country. According to the result of production vulnerability analysis using adaptation (temperature changing trend) and sensitivity(temperature variability), the productivity of wheat was higher in USA, while productivity of maize was higher in China. In the future, the result showed that productivity of all two grains will be favorable in USA. The result of production vulnerability assessment through this study can later be used as a preparation data for the coming fluctuation in grain price due to climate change.

A 90-Day Repeated Oral Dose Toxicity Study of Alismatis Rhizoma Aqueous Extract in Rats

  • Lee, Mu-Jin;Jung, Ho-Kyung;Lee, Ki-Ho;Jang, Ji-Hun;Sim, Mi-Ok;Seong, Tea-Gyeong;Ahn, Byung-Kwan;Shon, Jin-Han;Ham, Seong-Ho;Cho, Hyun-Woo;Kim, Yong-Min;Park, Sung-Jin;Yoon, Ji-Young;Ko, Je-Won;Kim, Jong-Choon
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.191-200
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    • 2019
  • Alismatis rhizoma (AR), the dried rhizome of Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juzep, is a well-known, traditional medicine that is used for the various biological activities including as a diuretic, to lower cholesterol and as an anti-inflammatory agent. The present study was carried out to investigate the potential toxicity of the Alismatis rhizoma aqueous extract (ARAE) following 90-day repeated oral administration to Sprague-Dawley rats. ARAE was administered orally to male and female rats for 90 days at 0 (control), 500, 1,000 and 2,000 mg/kg/day (n = 10 for male and female rats for each dose). Additional recovery groups from the control group and high dose group were observed for a 28-day recovery period. Chromatograms of ARAE detected main compounds with four peaks. Treatment-related effects including an increase in the red blood cells, hemoglobin, hematocrit, albumin, total protein, and urine volume were observed in males of the 2,000 mg/kg/day group (p < 0.05). However, the diuretic effect of ARAE was considered, a major cause of hematological and serum biochemical changes. The oral no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) of the ARAE was > 2,000 mg/kg/day in both genders, and no target organs were identified.

The spy-gfp Operon Fusion in Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Gallinarum Senses the Envelope Stress (Salmonella Enteritidis와 Salmonella Gallinarum의 세균막 스트레스를 인식하는 spy-gfp 오페론 융합)

  • Kang, Bo Gyeong;Bang, Iel Soo
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.208-219
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    • 2018
  • Emergence of drug resistant strains of Salmonella enterica threatens milk processing and related dairy industries, thereby increasing the need for development of new anti-bacterials. Developments of antibacterial drugs are largely aimed to target the bacterial envelope, but screening their efficacy on bacterial envelope is laborious. This study presents a potential biosensor for envelope-specific stress in which a gfp reporter gene fused to spy gene encoding a periplasmic chaperone protein Spy (spheroplast protein y) that can sense envelope stress signals transduced by two major two-component signal transduction systems BaeSR and CpxAR in Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis and S. Gallinarum. Using spy-gfp operon fusions in S. Enterititis and S. Gallinarum, we found that spy transcription in both serovars was greatly induced when Salmonella cells were forming the spheroplast and were treated with ethanol or a membrane-disrupting antibiotic polymyxin B. These envelope stress-specific inductions of spy transcription were abrogated in mutant Salmonella lacking either BaeR or CpxR. Results illustrate that induction of Spy expression can be efficiently triggered by two-component signal transduction systems sensing envelope stress conditions, and thereby suggest that monitoring the spy transcription by spy-gfp operon fusions would be helpful to determine if developing antimicrobials can damage envelopes of S. Enteritidis and S. Gallinarum.

The Trends and Prospects of ICT based Education (ICT를 활용한 교육의 동향과 전망)

  • Woo, Hyun-Jeong;Jo, Hye-Jeong;Choi, Yool
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.3-36
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    • 2018
  • This article discusses the possibilities and limitations of ICT education by reviewing the previous research on its various aspects including educational goals, contents, methods, and evaluation. First, when it comes to its educational goal, the prior studies suggest that ICT education aims to nurture digital citizenship among students and to enable them to participate in different sectors of our society. ICT education characterizes the core capacities of its future learners as 'lifelong learners,' 'information producers/consumers,' and 'local/global citizens.' Second, in regard to the educational content of ICT education, researchers investigate SW education importantly: They develop the educational programs and examine the effectiveness of those programs. However, to ensure the relevancy of the educational contents to the future society, institutional support is imperative including facilitating educators' capacities and synchronizing ICT education with subject education. Third, as the educational methods, various ICTs such as flipped learning and augmented reality (AR) are being applied to actual classroom teaching. Research on the educational methods, which is the most vibrant area in the ICT education scholarship, is expected to improve the previous educational methods and to lead the qualitative development of ICT education. Fourth, the previous discussion on the educational evaluation focuses on computer-based evaluations. Educational evaluation using ICT will enable educators to assess the characteristics and achievement of an individual learner accurately and to lead them to apply a teaching-learning process effectively, which will ultimately enhance the effectiveness of educational evaluation. Along with the overall review on the possibilities of ICT education, this article discusses the limitations of the current ICT education and its implications for educational inequalities.

Mobile Augmented Reality based CFD Simuation Post-Processor (모바일 증강현실 기술을 활용한 유체시뮬레이션 후처리기 연구)

  • Park, Sang-Jin;Kim, Myungil;Kim, Ho-yoon;Seo, Dong-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.523-533
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    • 2019
  • The convergence of engineering and IT technology has brought many changes to the industry as well as academic research. In particular, computer simulation technology has evolved to a level that can accurately simulate actual physical phenomena and analyze them in real time. In this paper, we describe the CFD technology, which is mainly used in industry, and the post processor that uses the augmented reality which is emerging as the post-processing. Research on the visualization of fluid simulation results using AR technology is actively being carried out. However, due to the large size of the result data, it is limited to researches that are published in a desktop environment. Therefore, it is limitation that needs to be reviewed in actual space. In this paper, we discuss how to solve these problems. We analyze the fluid analysis results in the post-processing, and then perform optimizing data (more than 70%)to support operation in the mobile environment. In the visualization, lightweight data is used to perform real-time tracking using cloud computing, The analysis result is matched to the screen and visualized. This allows the user to review and analyze the fluid analysis results in an efficient and immersive manner in the various spaces where the simulation is performed.

Effect of Substrate Temperature and Growth Duration on Palladium Oxide Nanostructures (팔라듐 옥사이드 나노구조물의 성장에서 기판 온도와 성장 시간의 효과)

  • Kim, Jong-Il;Kim, Ki-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.458-463
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    • 2019
  • Palladium (Pd) is widely used as a catalyst and noxious gas sensing materials. Especially, various researches of Pd based hydrogen gas sensor have been studied due to the noble property, Pd can be adsorbed hydrogen up to 900 times its own volume. In this study, palladium oxide (PdO) nanostructures were grown on Si substrate ($SiO_2(300nm)/Si$) for 3 to 5 hours at $230^{\circ}C{\sim}440^{\circ}C$ using thermal chemical vapor deposition system. Pd powder (source material) was vaporized at $950^{\circ}C$ and high purity Ar gas (carrier gas) was flown with the 200 sccm. The surface morphology of as-grown PdO nanostructures were characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM). The crystallographic properties were confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. As the results, the as-grown nanostructures exhibit PdO phase. The nano-cube structures of PdO were synthesized at specific substrate temperatures and specific growth duration. Especially, PdO nano-cube structrures were uniformly grown at $370^{\circ}C$ for growth duration of 5 hours. The PdO nano-cube structures are attributed to vapor-liquid-solid process. The nano-cube structures of PdO on graphene nanosheet can be applied to fabricate of high sensitivity hydrogen gas sensor.

SiC aggregates synthesized from carbonized rice husks, paper sludge, coffee grounds, and silica powder (탄화왕겨, 제지슬러지, 커피찌거기 및 실리카 혼합물로부터 탄화규소 결정체 합성)

  • Park, Kyoung-Wook;Yun, Young-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 2019
  • Relatively fine silicon carbide (SiC) crystalline aggregates have been synthesized with the carbonized rice husks, paper sludge, coffee grounds as the carbon sources and the silica powder. The main reaction source to obtain silicon carbide (SiC) aggregates from the mixture of carbon sources and silica was inferred as the gaseous silicon monoxide (SiO) phase, being created from this mixture through the carbothermal reduction reaction. The silicon carbide (SiC) crystalline aggregates, fabricated from the carbonized rice husks and paper sludge, coffee grounds and silica ($SiO_2$) powder, were investigated by XRD patterns, FE-SEM and FE-TEM images. In these specimens, obtained from the carbonized rice husks, paper sludge and silica, XRD patterns showed rather high strong peak of (111) plane near $35^{\circ}$. The FE-TEM images and patterns of specimens, synthesized from carbonized rice husks, paper sludge, coffee grounds and silica under Ar atmosphere, showed relatively fine particles under $1{\mu}m$ and crystalline peak (110) of silicon carbide (SiC) diffraction pattern.

Distribution Characteristics of Hazardous Heavy Metals in Ginseng and Wood-cultivated Ginseng (인삼 및 산양삼의 부위별 유해중금속 분포 특성)

  • Yang, Seung-Hyun;Lee, Tae-Woo;Lee, Jae-In;Choi, Hoon
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.325-333
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    • 2019
  • The present study was carried out to identify the distribution characteristics of heavy metals in ginseng and wood-cultivated ginseng reduction of dietary exposure. Samples of ginseng and wood-cultivated ginseng were collected from 14 and 5 regions across Korea, respectively. Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (Ar) were detected by ICP-MS after microwave digestion, whereas aluminum (Al) was determined using ICP. Cultivated ginseng peels were 16.2% of whole root, while the peels and fine roots amounted to 21.8% and 16.8% of whole wood-cultivated ginseng, respectively. Taking into account the weight and concentration of the heavy metals by root part, their distribution ratios were calculated and compared. The cultivated ginseng peels contained 40.3% Pb, 25.9% Cd, 47.6% As, and 89.9% Al. Meanwhile, heavy metals consisting of 27.2% Pb, 28.2% Cd, 48.3% As, and 56.8% Al were distributed in the peels of the wood-cultivated ginseng. There was no significant difference between the peels and fine roots of the wood-cultivated ginseng with respect to the distribution proportion of heavy metals, except for Al. These results indicate that the level of dietary exposure to heavy metals could be reduced by peeling ginseng and wood-cultivated ginseng prior to consumption.