• Title/Summary/Keyword: Discriminant function

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A Study on the Discriminant Variables of Face Skin Colors for the Korean Males (한국 남성의 얼굴 피부색 판별을 위한 색채 변수에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ku-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.959-967
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    • 2005
  • The color of apparels has the interaction of the face skin colors of the wearers. This study was carried out to classify the face skin colors of Korean males into several similar face skin colors in order to extract favorable colors which flatter to their face skin colors. The criterion that select the new subjects who have the classified face skin colors have to be decided. With color spectrometer, JX-777, face skin colors of subjects were measured quantitatively and classified into three clusters that had similar hue, value and chroma with Munsell Color System. Sample size was 418 Korean males and other 15 of new males subjects. Data were analyzed by K-means cluster analysis, ANOVA, Duncan multiple range test, Stepwise discriminant analysis using SPSS Win. 12. Findings were as follows: 1. 418 subjects who have YR colors were clustered into 3 kinds of face skin color groups. 2. Discriminant variables of face skin colors was 4 variables : L value of forehead, v value of cheek, c value of forehead, and b value of cheek from standardized canonical discriminant function coefficient 1 and c value of forehead, L value of forehead, b value of cheek. and L value of cheek from standardized canonical discriminant function coefficient 2. 3. Hit ratio of type 1 was $92.3\%$, of type 2 was $96.5\%$ and of type 3 was $92.6\%$ by the canonical discriminant function of 4 variables. 4. The canonical discriminant function equation 1 and 2 were calculated with the unstandardized canonical discriminant function coefficient and constant, the cutting score, and range of the score were computed. 5. The criterion that select the new subjects who have the classified face skin colors was decided.

On Testing Fisher's Linear Discriminant Function When Covariance Matrices Are Unequal

  • Kim, Hea-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Statistical Society
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.325-337
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    • 1993
  • This paper propose two test statistics which enable us to proceed the variable selection in Fisher's linear discriminant function for the case of heterogeneous discrimination with equal training sample size. Simultaneous confidence intervals associated with the test are also given. These are exact and approximate results. The latter is based upon an approximation of a linear sum of Wishart distributions with unequal scale matrices. Using simulated sampling experiments, powers of the two tests have been tabulated, and power comparisons have been made between them.

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Development of Algorithms for Sorting Peeled Garlic Using Machnie Vison (I) - Comparison of sorting accuracy between Bayes discriminant function and neural network - (기계시각을 이용한 박피 마늘 선별 알고리즘 개발 (I) - 베이즈 판별함수와 신경회로망에 의한 설별 정확도 비교 -)

  • 이상엽;이수희;노상하;배영환
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.325-334
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    • 1999
  • The aim of this study was to present a groundwork for development of a sorting system of peeled garlics using machine vision. Images of various garlic samples such as sound, partially defective, discolored, rotten and un-peeled were obtained with a B/W machine vision system. Sorting factors which were based on normalized histogram and statistical analysis(STEPDISC Method) had good separability for various garlic samples. Bayes discriminant function and neural network sorting algorithms were developed with the sample images and were experimented on various garlic samples. It was showed that garlic samples could be classified by sorting algorithm with average sorting accuracies of 88.4% by Bayes discriminant function and 93.2% by neural network.

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A Study on the Discriminant Variables of Face Skin Colors for the Korean Females (한국 여성의 얼굴 피부색 판별을 위한 색채 변수에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ku-Ja;Chung, Hae-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.978-986
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    • 2005
  • The color of apparel products have a close relationship with the face skin colors of consumers. In order to extract the favorable colors which flatter to consumer's face skin colors, this study was carried our to classify the face skin colors of Korean females. The criteria that select new subjects who have the classified face skin colors have to be decided. With color spectrometer, JX-777, face skin colors of subjects were measured and classified into three clusters that had similar hue, value and chroma with Munsell Color System. Sample size was 324 Korean females and other new 10 college girls. Data were analyzed by K-means cluster analysis, ANOVA, Duncan multiple range test, Stepwise discriminant analysis using SPSS Win. 12. Findings were as follows: 1. 324 subjects who have YR colors were clustered into 3 face skin color groups. 2. Discriminant variables of face skin colors were 5 variables : b value of cheek, V value of forehead, L value of cheek, C value of forehead and H value of cheek by the standardized canonical discriminant function coefficient 1. 3. Hit ratio of type 1 was $96.8\%$, of type 2 was $94.9\%$, of type 3 was $100.0\%$ and mean of hit ratio was $96.9\%$ by canonical discriminant function of 5 variables. 4. With the unstandardized canonical discriminant function coefficient and constant, canonical discriminant function equation 1 and 2 were calculated. And cutting score and range of score of the classified types were computed. The criteria that select the new subjects were decided.

Fused Illumination Mechanism Design for Steel Plate Surface Inspection (철강 후판의 표면 검사를 위한 융합조명계 설계)

  • Cho, Eun Doek;Kim, Gyung Bum
    • Journal of the Semiconductor & Display Technology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, a fused illumination mechanism for detecting surface defects in steel plates was designed by applying the discriminant function that can differentiate the contrast of defects and non-defects. There is low contrast, non-uniformity, and no feature characteristics in steel plate surfaces. The fused illumination mechanism is devised, based on those characteristics. Optimum parameters of the fused illumination mechanism are determined by applying the discriminant function after acquiring the defect image in steel plate surfaces. The performance of the proposed mechanism is verified by experminets.

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Determinants of Reduced Bone Mass in Postmenopausal Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis (폐경 후 류마티스 관절염 여성의 골량감소 판별요인)

  • Lee, Eun-Nam
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.193-205
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to identify the important risk factors for reduced bone mass of postmenopausal RA patients and to develop discriminant function which can classify postmenopausal RA patients with either reduced or normal bone mass. Through the literature review, individual characteristics such as age, body weight, height, age of menarche, duration of menopause, gravity, parity, and breast feeding period and factors of life style such as milk consumption exercise habit, alcohol intake, cigarette smoking, coffee consumpt ion , disease activity, corticosteroid therapy were identified as influencing factors of reduced bone mass in RA patients Sixty eight postmenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis aged between 42 and 76 were selected among those who checked bone mineral density in lumbar spine and femur from october, 1998 to Apr il, 1999 at Dong-a university hospital in Pusan. Assessment of disease activity, duration of disease and corticosteroid therapy were made by the same rheumatologist and included Ritchie articular index, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein on measuring bone mineral density. Cumulative steroid dosage was calculated from the daily dosage multiplied by t h e number of days received. The information of other risk factor including health assessment score, individual characteristics and life style factors were collected by questionnaire. Bone mineral density(BMD) was measured using DXA at lumbar spine and femoral Ward's triangle. Discriminant function(regression equation) was developed for estimating the likelihood of the presence or absence of reduced bone mass. The results are as follows: Among the subjects, thirteen(19.1%) exhibited osteoporosis in lumbar spine and twenty four(35.3%) exhibited osteoporosis in femoral Ward's triangle. For lumbar spine, the variables significant were age, body weight, health assessment score, while for femoral Ward's triangle, age, body weight, duration of disease. But disease activity and corticosteroid therapy were not signigicant to distinguish reduced bone mass from normal bone mass. When the discriminant function was evaluated by comparing the observed out come with predicted out come, the discriminant function correctly classified 85.4% of patients with reduce bone mass and 63.0% of patients with normal bone mass in the lumbar spine and 100% of patients with reduced bone mass and 9.1% of patients with normal bone mass in the femoral Ward's triangle. In summary, we found that osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with RA is more evident at the femur than the lumbar spine. Also the important discriminant factors of reduced bone mass postmenopausal women with RA were age, body weight , duration of disease and health disability. In nursing situation, the efforts to improve of functional capacity of postmenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis should be considered to prevent osteoporosis and fractures. Also we recommend those postmenopausal women with RA who are classified as a group of the reduced bone mass in the discriminant function should examine the bone mineral density to further examine the usefulness of this discriminant function.

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Somatometric Characteristics and Classification of Early Elementary Schoolgirls -Focusing on the Upper Body- (학령전기 여아의 체형특성과 유형분석 -상반신 체형을 중심으로-)

  • 장정아;권미정;배은아
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.573-581
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    • 2002
  • This study was done to classify children's somatotypes and to provide the fundamental data or their clothing sizing system for the purpose of designing patterns fur children's wear and standardizing sizes of ready-made clothes. The sampling was done for 7-8 years-old-girl living in Pusan and Kyungsangnam-do. Data from each girl comprises 33 anthropometic measurments and 7 photogrphic measurments, based on the somatometric characteristics of girls which I had obtained. Factor analysis, cluster analysis, discriminant analysis were performed for statistical analysis of the data. Seven factors which explain 76.49% of the whole variances were extracted. The thirst and second factors which explain more than 70% of the whole variances represent 'horizontal size 'and 'vortical size', which characterize most aspects of the body shape of the subjects. On the basis of the cluster analysis, three different upper body types were categorized. Type 1 has quite long surface length of the upper body and rising shoulders and are close to the averages of this age group. Type 2 has highest stature, biggest frame, dropped shoulders and surface length of the upper body similar to the type 1. Type 3 has shortest stature, smallest frame and sloping shoulders. According to the analysis to discriminate somatotypes of the upper body by this age group, the discriminative items in discriminant function are follows. As this group, waist circumference of discriminant function 1 and front length and length between both shoulder points of discriminant function 2 have large coefficient values.

Analysis of variables Influenced on the Patterns of Antipsychotics Medication by Schizophrenic Out-patients : Using the Technique of Two Group Discriminant Function Analysis (외래 정신분열병 환자의 항정신병 약물복용 양상에 관한 연구 : -판별함수분석기법을 통한 결정변인 분석 -)

  • 김태경
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.130-141
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    • 1993
  • This study was to find out variables influenced on the medication patterns (voluntary medication, in-voluntary medication) of antipsychotics taken by schizophrenic outpatients. Purposes of this study were to be identified that there was the significant difference between the group of voluntary medication and involuntary, and that which variables had infuence on outpsychotics medication. The sample consisted of 30 patients takeing their pills voluntary (voluntary medication group), and 15 patients involuntary(involuntary medication group) at a psychiatry hospital and a psychiatric unit of a The findings of the study are as follows : university hospital in Daegu. Data were collected from September to October, 1991 through interview using questionare about antipsychotics medication. Data were analyzed by the technique of two group discriminant function analysis using SPSS pc$^{+}$ 1) Discriminant function discriminating between voluntary medication and involuntary medication was significant at the level of 10% significance (sig.=.055, p〈.10) Hit-ratio was very high (91. 1%) 2) One of General variables, SEX, was significant of discriminating between two medication patterns at the level of 10% significance. 3) One of Family Environmental Variables, BROTH(a number of brother), were significant between two medication patterns. (p〈.10) 4) One of Therapeutic Environmental Variables, FAMHX, was significant between two medication patterns at the level of 10% significance. 5) One of Variables Related to Drug and Medication, NECESS, was significant between two medication patterns. (p〈.05) 6) Variables Related to Disease was not significant between two medication patterns.s.

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An Improved Scheme of Evaluation Process in the Advanced Construction Technology Endorsement System (건설신기술 지정제도의 평가프로세스 개선방안)

  • Tae Yong-Ho;Park Chan-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.363-366
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    • 2002
  • The advanced construction technology endorsement system(ACTES) has used the improper evaluation criteria. Because of its insufficiency of quantitative evaluation, it is difficult to attain the objective and fairness. This study used a survey to investigate a actual condition of ACTES. The survey found that ACTES needed a evaluation criteria and a quantitative evaluation method. In addition, This study proposes the evaluation model that uses a discriminant function. The model process consists of several phases that are brain storming, t-test and discriminant function analysis.

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Spare Representation Learning of Kernel Space Using the Kernel Relaxation Procedure (커널 이완 절차에 의한 커널 공간의 저밀도 표현 학습)

  • 류재홍;정종철
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.11 no.9
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    • pp.817-821
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, a new learning methodology for kernel methods that results in a sparse representation of kernel space from the training patterns for classification problems is suggested. Among the traditional algorithms of linear discriminant function, this paper shows that the relaxation procedure can obtain the maximum margin separating hyperplane of linearly separable pattern classification problem as SVM(Support Vector Machine) classifier does. The original relaxation method gives only the necessary condition of SV patterns. We suggest the sufficient condition to identify the SV patterns in the learning epoches. For sequential learning of kernel methods, extended SVM and kernel discriminant function are defined. Systematic derivation of learning algorithm is introduced. Experiment results show the new methods have the higher or equivalent performance compared to the conventional approach.

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