• Title/Summary/Keyword: Film

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Study on the characteristics of Insight dental x-ray film (Kodak Insight 치과필름의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Song Young-Han;Lee Wan;Lee Byung-Do
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.21-26
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: To investigate the characteristics of the newly marketed, Insight dental X-ray film. Materials and Methods: Kodak Ultraspeed (DF-58), E-speed, Agfa Dentus M2, and Kodak Insight (IP-21) films were radiographed using a Trophy intra-oral radiographic machine. 10 step exposure times were prepared and each step exposure was monitored using a FH 40G (ESM Eberline Instruments) dosimeter for each of the 4 types of intra-oral film. All films were manually processed and the radiographic densities at 6 sites of each processed film were measured, and the characteristic curves of each of the 4 types intra-oral films were created utilizing these dosimetric data and radiographic densities, based on ISO 5779. The film contrast, speed, and base plus fog density of Insight film were compared with those of the 3 other films examined in this experiment. Results : E-speed film showed greatest average gradients followed by Insight film. E-speed and Ultraspeed film showed great average gradients at low density levels. Insight film showed the fastest speed followed by E-speed, Dentus M2 and Ultraspeed film. Dentus M2 film showed greatest base plus fog density level followed by Insight film. Conclusion : Kodak Insight film showed fastest film speed with comparable film contrast on characteristic curve.

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Study on French Film Fund Policy -Focusing on CNC's support project for film productions (프랑스 영화기금정책 연구 -CNC 제작지원 사업을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 2019
  • The Korean Film Council which manages the Film Development Fund carried out a number of projects to support film production, distribution, and film policies. Also, this organization participated in promoting advanced film technology and foreign film location by constituting an incentive support. The projects consist of support for the operation of Namyangju filming studio and the film information system as well. It is necessary to scrutinize the projects regarding support for film production, which is the largest and most important among the whole projects, for continuous development of the Korean film industry. this study reviwed the fundraising status, budget, and support projects of the Center for National Film/Video Center CNC which operates the film fund in France analyzed film production support policy of the CNC. Through this, we verified necessity of stable financing and funding of the Korean Film Development Fund, support for creation of film music and support for overseas filming, and prepared activation plans for film co-production.

A NUMERICAL ANALYSIS ON THE BEHAVIOR OF LIQUID FILM AROUND A CURVED EDGE (곡률이 있는 모서리 주변에서의 액막 거동에 대한 수치해석적 연구)

  • Lee, Geonkang;Hur, Nahmkeon;Son, Gihun
    • Journal of computational fluids engineering
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2012
  • Due to the effect of surface tension, liquid film around a curved edge of solid surface moves from the corner to the flat surface. During this behavior of liquid film, film sagging phenomenon is easily occurred at the solid surface. Behavior of liquid film is determined with the effects of the properties of liquid film and the geometric factors of solid surface. In the present study, 2-D transient CFD simulations were conducted on the behavior of liquid film around a curved edge. The two-phase interfacial flow of liquid film was numerically investigated by using a VOF method in order to predict the film sagging around a curved edge. In the steady state of behavior of liquid film, the liquid film thickness of numerical result showed a good agreement with experimental data. After verifying the numerical results, the characteristics of behavior of liquid film were numerically analyzed with various properties of liquid film such as surface tension coefficient and viscosity. The effects of geometric factors on film sagging were also investigated to reduce the film sagging around a curved edge.

Preparation of Cellulose-Based Edible Film and its Physical Characteristics (Cellulose를 이용한 가식성(可食性) Film의 제조와 물리적 특성연구)

  • Song, Tae-Hee;Kim, Chul-Jai
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 1996
  • Three formulations were used to prepare the cellulose-based edible films consisting of hydrocolloid and lipids; film A made by coating method, films B and C by emulsion method, which were formed in a thin layer glass plate and then dried. Films A, B and C were all approximately 0.03 mm thick with 1-3% moisture, 59-68% lipid, and almost whitish color. Film A was better in tensile strength, and lipids affected water vapor permeability on three films, in which films A and B did not differ significantly. Water vapor permeability of film A did not change but those of films B and C decreased significantly after storage for 8 weeks at $-15^{\circ}C$. Oxygen transmission rate and oxygen permeability of films A and C did not differ and changed significantly after 8-week storage at $-15^{\circ}C$. Under scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation on the structural characteristics of each film, film A indicated relatively uniform and smooth surface coatings of beeswax, while films B and C had individual lipid crystals and could be discerned. As a result, film A was better than films B and C in respect of physical properties, but the selection of useful film depended upon which physical property was more functional. Moreover, it was desirable in some cases for using films B and C because of their easiness of preparation and cold storage durability. It will be further needed to investigate how to formulate films B and C to have more unique surface characteristics, and to reduce water vapor and oxygen transmission rates.

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The Functions of Gyeongbuk Film Commission for Fostering Film Location Industries in Gyeongbuk (경북 영상로케이션산업 활성화방안 : 경북영상위원회를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Jeong-Su
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.116-136
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    • 2007
  • Recently, local government has adopted the film location as the strategies for regional development and has established local film commissions for facilitating the film location. The film locations in Gyeongbuk have been grown gradually since Taejo Wang Geon, TV series was filmed in KBS on-location set of Mungyeong, and the government of Gyeongbuk established the Geeongbuk film commission in 2006. However, the film locations in Gyeongbuk are confined to filming some products in Gyeongbuk, and there's few film-related firms in Gyeongbuk. Furthermore, the film industries in Gyeongbuk is consumption-led and the capability of film-related firms is still weak. Therefore, Gyoengbuk film commission should play the wide roles, making the film-friendly institutions, creating local atmosphere of collaboration, fostering film-induced tourism, and maturing local film culture, as well as the general roles of film commission, offering the film location services, database services and networking.

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Preparation of Iron Oxide Thin Films by Vacuum Evaporation Method and Its Electrical Properties (진공증착법에 의한 산화철박막의 제조 및 전기적특성)

  • 조경형;오재희
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.87-93
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    • 1985
  • The hematite the magetite and the maghemite thin film were prepared by oxidation and reductino of the vaccum-evaporated iron thin film. Interre;atoms between film preparation process and the electrical properties were investigated. At room temperature the electrical conductivity of the iron the hematite the magnetite and the maghemite thin film were $1{\times}10^4\Omega^{-1}cm^{-1}$, 2{\times}10^{-5}\Omega^{-1}cm^{-1}$, $3{\times}10^{-5}\Omega^{-1}cm^{-1}$, and $4{\times}10^{-5}\Omega^{-1}cm^{-1}$, resp-ectively. The surface of each thin film was dense and homogeneous. At the temperature that the iron thin film was converted into the hematite thin film the electrical conductivity decreased rapidly and the electrical con-ductivity of the hematite thin film increased as temperature increased. The hematite thin film was reduced to the magnetite thin film in H2 atmosphere. The electrical conductivity decreased rapidly at the temperature that the maghemite thin film is formed by oxidation of the magnetite thin film and the electrical conductivity of the maghemite thin film increased as temperature increased.

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Study on the Effect of Film Therapy on the Frustration Affordability of College Students in Northeast China : based on film industry aesthetics in the age of IT

  • Du, Nan;Yu, Chuandong;Kim, Chee-Yong
    • Journal of Multimedia Information System
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2020
  • Considering the frustration affordability level of college entrants and investigating the frustration tolerance of undergraduates in Shenyang City University, this paper provides the basis for the research of improving frustration tolerance of undergraduates through quantitative research results and applies film therapy to the frustration regulation of college students by discussing the role of film therapy in improving frustration affordability ability of college entrants. This paper has concluded that the necessary of improving the frustration tolerance of college students in Northeast China and the feasibility of the film therapy programs on improving the frustration tolerance of college students in Northeast China. Meanwhile, this paper shows that the principle of film selection in film therapy should be based on the requirements of the aesthetics of the film industry in the IT environment. This paper provides a reference for refining the target of film therapy for film therapists to better apply film and television psychotherapy technology, and a basis for the film therapy activity program; Furthermore, it also has a certain reference significance for film and television media workers.

Environmental Evaluation of Protein Based Oxygen High Barrier Film Using Life Cycle Assessment (단백질 기반 Oxygen High Barrier 소재의 전과정평가를 통한 환경 영향 측정)

  • Kang, DongHo;Shin, YangJai
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2019
  • Environmental evaluation of two different oxygen high barrier films were performed using life cycle assessment. One of the films (traditional film) was composed of aluminum oxide coated PET film, ink, LDPE and LLDPE. Another film (new film) was consists of PET, ink, protein based coating material, LDPE, LLDPE. Main layer to achieve the high oxygen barrier for traditional film was aluminum oxide coated PET film, whereas the protein based coating material act as oxygen barrier layer for new film. Functional unit of this study was 1000 pouches made of traditional and new film. System boundary was factory to gate. The results of this study revealed that the new film shows better environmental performance for most of impact indicator than traditional film, except marine eutrophication and fine particulate matter formation due to extra coating process in new film system.

A DENSITOMETRIC STUDY OF THE DENTAL FILMS IN COMBINATION WITH VARIABLE PROCESSING SOLUTIONS (현상법 현상액에 따른 필름특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Ho Cheol;Park Jae Kwan
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.197-207
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    • 1987
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the relationships between film and processing solution at different processing temperatures. Three kinds of periapical film were used for this study. They included EP-2l film, DF-58, and A film Each film was processed by automatic film processor with RD-Ⅲ X-dol 90, and A processing solutions at 68° 74° 80° 86° and 92°F. Film density was measured with the densitometer, and base plus fog density, film relative speed, film contrast, and subject contrast were evaluated. The following results were obtained; 1. As the processing temperature was increased, base plus density was increased. Inadequate base plus fog densities were obtained with three films in combination with three processing solutions at 92°F. 2. Lowest base plus fog densities were obtained with A film, followed in ascending order by EP-21, and DF-58 film in combination with A or RD-Ⅲ processing solutions. The sequence of base plus fog densities was in ascending order by EP-21, A, and DF-58 film in combination with X-dol 90 processing solution. 3. The sequence of film relative speed values was in ascending order of EP-21, A, and DF-58 film in combination with A and RD-Ⅲ processing solutions, respectively. 4. As the processing temperature was increased, film contrast values was increased. The sequence of film contrast values was in descending order solution. The sequence of film contrast values was in descending order of EP-2l, DF-58, and A film in combination with RD-Ⅲ, X-dol 90 processing solution at 80°F. 5. As the processing temperature was increased, subject contrast was increased. The sequence of subject contrast was in descending order of A, X-dol 90, and RD-Ⅲ processing solution in combination with three films at 80°F. The sequence of subject contrast was in descending order of EP-21, A, and DF-58 film in combination with A processing solution at different processing temperatures.

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Prediction of the Film Thickness Variation through Film Insert Thermoforming (필름 인서트 열성형 시 필름 두께분포 예측)

  • Kim, G.Y.;Lee, K.O.;Kang, S.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • 2008.05a
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    • pp.281-284
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    • 2008
  • Film insert melding is one of the surface processes that enhances functional or aesthetic qualities of an existing product's surface. In general, film insert molding consists of three processes including thermoforming, trimming and injection molding. Thermoforming, which is the first process of film insert molding, is the most important process because the variation of film thickness has an effect on the mold design and process conditions for the subsequent processes, that are, trimming and injection molding. This study is focused on predicting the film thickness distribution through film insert thermoforming process using commercial FEM code. In order to describe rheological behavior of thermoplastic film (ABS), G'Sell's viscoelastic constitutive law was adopted. The numerical model of film insert thermoforming was established, and the simulation to predict film thickness distribution was performed. Comparison between the results of simulation and experiment was made to validate the proposed finite element analysis.

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