• Title/Summary/Keyword: Operation key

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Implementation of Master Changing Algorithm between Nodes in a General Electric Vehicle Network (일반 전동차량 네트워크의 노드간 MASTER 전환 알고리즘 구현)

  • Yeon, Jun Sang;Yang, Oh
    • Journal of the Semiconductor & Display Technology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents the implementation for the master changing algorithm between nodes in a general electric vehicle. The packet processing method based on the unique network method of an electric vehicle is that the method of processing a communication packet has the priority from the node of a vehicle installed at both ends. An important factor in deciding master or slave in a train is that the request data, the status data, and transmits or control codes of sub-devices are controlled from the node which master becomes. If the request data or the status data is transmitted from the non- master side, it is very important that only one of the devices of both stages be master since the data of the request data may collide with each other. This paper proposes an algorithm to select master or slave depending on which vehicle is started first, which node is master or slave, and whether the vehicle key is operation. Finally experimental results show the stable performance and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

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Mobile 3D Contents Watermarking Technique Based on Buyer-Seller Watermarking Protocol (Buyer-Seller 워터마킹 프로토콜 기반의 모바일 3D 콘텐츠 워터마킹 기법)

  • Kwon, Seong-Geun;Lee, Suk-Hwan;Bae, Sung-Ho;Park, Jae-Bum;Kwon, Ki-Ryong
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.32 no.8C
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    • pp.788-799
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    • 2007
  • This paper presents a watermarking method for copyright protection and illegal copy prevention of mobile 3D contents. The proposed method embeds copyright information and user's phone number into spatial domain and encryption domain of mobile animation data based on Buyer-Seller watermarking protocol. Furthermore, we insert user's operation key so that only authorized user can play 3D animation game in mobile device. We implemented the proposed method by using mobile animation tool, G3-SDK. From experimental results, we verified that the proposed method is capable of copyright protection and illegal copy prevention since the watermark can be well extracted against geometrical attacks, such as noise addition, data accuracy variableness and data up/down scaling.

An Ontology Model for Public Service Export Platform (공공 서비스 수출 플랫폼을 위한 온톨로지 모형)

  • Lee, Gang-Won;Park, Sei-Kwon;Ryu, Seung-Wan;Shin, Dong-Cheon
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.149-161
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    • 2014
  • The export of domestic public services to overseas markets contains many potential obstacles, stemming from different export procedures, the target services, and socio-economic environments. In order to alleviate these problems, the business incubation platform as an open business ecosystem can be a powerful instrument to support the decisions taken by participants and stakeholders. In this paper, we propose an ontology model and its implementation processes for the business incubation platform with an open and pervasive architecture to support public service exports. For the conceptual model of platform ontology, export case studies are used for requirements analysis. The conceptual model shows the basic structure, with vocabulary and its meaning, the relationship between ontologies, and key attributes. For the implementation and test of the ontology model, the logical structure is edited using Prot$\acute{e}$g$\acute{e}$ editor. The core engine of the business incubation platform is the simulator module, where the various contexts of export businesses should be captured, defined, and shared with other modules through ontologies. It is well-known that an ontology, with which concepts and their relationships are represented using a shared vocabulary, is an efficient and effective tool for organizing meta-information to develop structural frameworks in a particular domain. The proposed model consists of five ontologies derived from a requirements survey of major stakeholders and their operational scenarios: service, requirements, environment, enterprise, and county. The service ontology contains several components that can find and categorize public services through a case analysis of the public service export. Key attributes of the service ontology are composed of categories including objective, requirements, activity, and service. The objective category, which has sub-attributes including operational body (organization) and user, acts as a reference to search and classify public services. The requirements category relates to the functional needs at a particular phase of system (service) design or operation. Sub-attributes of requirements are user, application, platform, architecture, and social overhead. The activity category represents business processes during the operation and maintenance phase. The activity category also has sub-attributes including facility, software, and project unit. The service category, with sub-attributes such as target, time, and place, acts as a reference to sort and classify the public services. The requirements ontology is derived from the basic and common components of public services and target countries. The key attributes of the requirements ontology are business, technology, and constraints. Business requirements represent the needs of processes and activities for public service export; technology represents the technological requirements for the operation of public services; and constraints represent the business law, regulations, or cultural characteristics of the target country. The environment ontology is derived from case studies of target countries for public service operation. Key attributes of the environment ontology are user, requirements, and activity. A user includes stakeholders in public services, from citizens to operators and managers; the requirements attribute represents the managerial and physical needs during operation; the activity attribute represents business processes in detail. The enterprise ontology is introduced from a previous study, and its attributes are activity, organization, strategy, marketing, and time. The country ontology is derived from the demographic and geopolitical analysis of the target country, and its key attributes are economy, social infrastructure, law, regulation, customs, population, location, and development strategies. The priority list for target services for a certain country and/or the priority list for target countries for a certain public services are generated by a matching algorithm. These lists are used as input seeds to simulate the consortium partners, and government's policies and programs. In the simulation, the environmental differences between Korea and the target country can be customized through a gap analysis and work-flow optimization process. When the process gap between Korea and the target country is too large for a single corporation to cover, a consortium is considered an alternative choice, and various alternatives are derived from the capability index of enterprises. For financial packages, a mix of various foreign aid funds can be simulated during this stage. It is expected that the proposed ontology model and the business incubation platform can be used by various participants in the public service export market. It could be especially beneficial to small and medium businesses that have relatively fewer resources and experience with public service export. We also expect that the open and pervasive service architecture in a digital business ecosystem will help stakeholders find new opportunities through information sharing and collaboration on business processes.