• Title/Summary/Keyword: SiON

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중성입자빔과 ICP 플라즈마로 성장시킨 SiON 박막의 특성 연구

  • Kim, Jong-Sik;Kim, Dae-Cheol;Lee, Bong-Ju;Yu, Seok-Jae;Lee, Seong-Eun;Park, Yeong-Chun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.237-237
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구에서는 중성입자빔과 일반적인 ICP 플라즈마를 이용하여 성장시킨 SiON 박막의 물리적 특성 및 전기적 특성을 비교하여 분석하였다. 중성입자빔 및 ICP 플라즈마를 이용하여 기판 온도 400$^{\circ}C$ 조건에서 공정 시간에 따라 각각의 SiON 박막을 성장시켰으며 SiON 박막에 metal insulator semiconductor(MIS) 구조를 만들어 capacitance-voltage (C-V), current-voltage (I-V) 특성, 박막 두께 및 박막 내의 질소 분포 등을 비교 분석하였다. 기판 온도 400$^{\circ}C$ 조건에서 형성시킨 중성입자빔 및 플라즈마-SiON 박막의 두께는 6.0~10.0 nm, 굴절률 (n)은 1.5~1.8이며, 유전 상수는 4.2~5.0이다. 중성입자빔 SiON 박막의 절연파괴 전압은 약 14 MV/cm 이며, 플라즈마-SiON 박막의 절연파괴전압은 약 9~11 MV/cm 수준으로 중성입자빔-SiON 박막에 비하여 낮은 수준이다. 따라서 중성입자빔을 이용하여 400$^{\circ}C$에서 하전 입자에 의한 손상이 없는 양질의 SiON 박막을 형성시킬 수 있었다.

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Low Index Contrast Planar SiON Waveguides Deposited by PECVD (PECVD 법에 의해 제작된 저굴절률 차이 평판 SiON광도파로)

  • Kim, Yong-Tak;Yoon, Seok-Gyu;Yoon, Dae-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.178-181
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    • 2005
  • Silicon oxynitride (SiON) layers deposited upon a $SiO_2/Si$ buffer layer placed upon silicon wafers have been obtained by using PECVD from $SiH_4,\;N_2O$, and $N_2$. It can be seen that the refractive index, measured by using a prism coupler, for the SiON films can be varied between 1.4480 and 1.4958 at a wavelength of 1552 nm by changing the process parameters. Optical planar waveguides with a thickness of $6{\mu}m$ and a refractive index contrast ($\Delta$n) of $0.36\% have been deposited. Also, etching experiments were performed using ICP dry etching equipment on thick SiON films grown onto Si substrates covered by a thick $SiO_2$ buffer layer. A polarization maintaining single-mode fiber was used for the input and a microscope objective for the output at $1.55{\mu}m$. As a result, a low index contrast SiON based waveguide is fabricated with easily adjustable refractive index of core layer. It illustrates that the output intensity mode is a waveguiding single-mode.

Fabrication of high-refractive index difference SiON planar optical waveguide film using PECVD (PECVD를 이용한 고굴절률차 SiON 평면 광도파로 박막 제작)

  • Lee No-Do;Gu Yeong-Jin;Kim Yeong-Cheol;Seo Hwa-Il
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society Of Semiconductor Equipment Technology
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 2006
  • 평면 광도파로 코어로 사용되는 SiON (Silicon oxynitride)과 클래딩으로 사용되는 $SiO_2$ (Silicon oxide)의 굴절률 차이가 2.5 %인 고굴절률차 평면 광도파로용 SiON 박막을 PECVD (plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition)로 제작하였다. PECVD에 사용된 가스는 $SiH_4,\;NH_3,\;N_{2}O$이고, Si 기판의 $SiO_2$ 막은 100 nm이다. 가스의 비율에 따라 SiON 막의 굴절률은 633 nm의 파장에서 1.476에서 1.777까지 변화하였다. 코어로 사용되는 SiON의 두께는 $2.5{\mu}m$이고 클래딩과의 굴절률 차이는 2.5 %였다.

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Fabrications and properties of MFIS capacitor using SiON buffer layer (SiON buffer layer를 이용한 MFIS Capacitor의 제작 및 특성)

  • 정상현;정순원;인용일;김광호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.70-73
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    • 2001
  • MFIS(Metal-ferroelectric-insulator- semiconductor) structures using silicon oxynitride(SiON) buffer layers were fabricatied and demonstrated nonvolatile memory operations. Oxynitride(SiON) films have been formed on p-Si(100) by RTP(rapid thermal process) in O$_2$+N$_2$ ambient at 1100$^{\circ}C$. The gate leakage current density of Al/SiON/Si(100) capacitor was about the order of 10$\^$-8/ A/cm$^2$ at the range of ${\pm}$ 2.5 MV/cm. The C-V characteristics of Al/LiNbO$_3$/SiON/Si(100) capacitor showed a hysteresis loop due to the ferroelectric nature of the LiNbO$_3$ thin films. Typical dielectric constant value of LiNbO$_3$ film of MFIS device was about 24. The memory window width was about 1.2V at the electric field of ${\pm}$300 kV/cm ranges.

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The study of SiON thin film for optical properties. (SiON 박막의 광학적 특성에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, D.H.;Im, K.J.;Kim, K.H.;Kim, H.S.;Sung, M.Y.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.247-250
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    • 2001
  • We studied optical properties of SiON thin-film in the applications of optical waveguide. SiON thin-film was grown in $300^{\circ}C$ by PECVD(plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition) system. The change of SiON thin-film composition and refractive Index was studied as a function of varying $NH_3$ gas flow rate. As $NH_3$ gas flow rate was increased, Quantity of N and refractive index were increased at the same time. By the results, we could form the SiON thin-film to use of a waveguide with refractive index of 1.6. We analyzed the conditions of the thin-film with FTIR(fourier transform infrared) and OES (optical emission spectroscopy). N-H bonding($3390cm^{-1}$ ) can be removed by thermal annealing. And we could observe the SiH bonding state and quantity by OES analysis in $SiH_4$

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Silicon 기판과 SiON 박막 사이의 계면 결함 감소를 위한 $NH_3$ Plasma Treatment 방법에 관한 연구

  • Gong, Dae-Yeong;Park, Seung-Man;Lee, Jun-Sin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.131-131
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    • 2011
  • 이종접합 태양전지 제작을 위해 기판의 buffer layer로 사용되는 기존의 a-Si 박막을 SiON 박막으로 대체하려는 연구가 진행 중이다. 기존의 a-Si 박막은 대면적에서 균일도를 담보하기 어렵고, 열적 안정성에 취약한 문제점이 있다. 이에 반해 SiON 박막은 일종의 화학 반응인 oxidation 방법으로 형성이 되기 때문에 막의 균일도를 담보 할 수 있고, $400^{\circ}C$이상의 온도에서 형성되기 때문에 열적 안정성이 우수한 장점이 있다. 이러한 장점에도 불구하고 기판위에 직접 형성이 되기 때문에 기판과 SiON 계면 사이의 pssivation이 무엇보다 중요하다. 본 연구에서는 비정질 실리콘 이종접합 태양전지에 적용키 위한 SiON 박막을 형성하고, 기판과 SiON 계면에서의 passivation 향상을 위한 계면 결함 감소에 대한 연구를 진행하였다. 실험을 위한 SiON 박막은 공정온도 $450^{\circ}C$, 공정압력 100 mTorr, 증착파워 120 mW/cm2에서 5분간 증착하였으며, 이때 50 sccm의 N2O 가스를 주입하였다. 증착된 박막은 2~4 nm의 두께로 증착이 되었으며, 1.46의 광학적 굴절률을 가지는 것으로 분석되었다. 계면의 결함을 줄이기 위해 PECVD를 이용한 NH3 plasma treatment를 실시하였다. 공정온도 $400^{\circ}C$, 공정압력 150mTorr~450 mTorr, 플라즈마 파워 60mW/cm2에서 30분간 진행하였으며, 50 sccm의 N2O 가스를 주입하였다. 계면의 결함이 줄었는지 확인하기 위해 C-V 측정을 위한 시료를 제작하여 분석을 하였다. 실험 결과 VFB가 NH3 plasma treatment 이후 positive 방향으로 shift 됨을 알 수 있었다. Dit 분석을 통해 공정 압력 450 mTorr에서 $4.66{\times}108$[cm2/eV]로 가장 낮은 계면 결함 밀도를 확인 할 수 있었다. 결과적으로 NH3 plasma 처리를 통해 positive charge를 갖는 N-content가 형성되었음을 예측해 볼 수 있으며, N-content가 증가하면, 조밀한 Si-N 결합을 형성하면서, boron 및 phosphorus diffusion을 막는데 효과적이다. 또한, plasma treatment 과정에서 H-content에 의한 passivation 효과를 기대할 수 있다.

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The Effect of RF Power and $SiH_4$/($N_2$O+$N_2$) Ratio in Properties of SiON Thick Film for Silica Optical Waveguide (실리카 광도파로용 SiON 후막 특성에서 RF Power와 $SiH_4$/($N_2$O+$N_2$) Ratio가 미치는 영향)

  • 김용탁;조성민;서용곤;임영민;윤대호
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.38 no.12
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    • pp.1150-1154
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    • 2001
  • Silicon oxynitride (SiON) thick films using the core layer of silica optical waveguide have been deposited on Si wafer by PECVD at low temperature (32$0^{\circ}C$) were obtained by decomposition of appropriate mixture of (SiH$_4$+$N_2$O+$N_2$) gaseous mixtures under RF power and SiH$_4$/($N_2$O+$N_2$) ratio deposition condition. Prism coupler measurements show that the refractive indices of SiON layers range from 1.4663 to 1.5496. A high SiH$_4$/($N_2$O+$N_2$) of 0.33 and deposition power of 150 W leads to deposition rates of up to 8.67 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$/h. With decreasing SiH$_4$/($N_2$O+$N_2$) ratio, the SiON layer become smooth from 41$\AA$ to 6$\AA$.

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A Study on the Thermal Stability of an Al2O3/SiON Stack Structure for c-Si Solar Cell Passivation Application (결정질 실리콘 태양전지의 패시베이션 적용을 위한 Al2O3/SiON 적층구조의 열적 안정성에 대한 연구)

  • Cho, Kuk-Hyun;Chang, Hyo Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.197-200
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    • 2014
  • We investigated the influence of blistering on $Al_2O_3$/SiON stacks and $Al_2O_3$/SiNx:H stacks passivation layers. $Al_2O_3$ film provides outstanding Si surface passivation quality. $Al_2O_3$ film as the rear passivation layer of a p-type Si solar cell is usually stacked with a capping layer, such as $SiO_2$, SiNx, and SiON films. These capping layers protect the thin $Al_2O_3$ layer from an Al electrode during the annealing process. We compared $Al_2O_3$/SiON stacks and $Al_2O_3$/SiNx:H stacks through surface morphology and minority carrier lifetime after annealing processes at $450^{\circ}C$ and $850^{\circ}C$. As a result, the $Al_2O_3$/SiON stacks were observed to produce less blister phenomenon than $Al_2O_3$/SiNx:H stacks. This can be explained by the differences in the H species content. In the process of depositing SiNx film, the rich H species in $NH_3$ source are diffused to the $Al_2O_3$ film. On the other hand, less hydrogen diffusion occurs in SiON film as it contains less H species than SiNx film. This blister phenomenon leads to an increase insurface defect density. Consequently, the $Al_2O_3$/SiON stacks had a higher minority carrier lifetime than the $Al_2O_3$/SiNx:H stacks.

The study of SiON thin film for optical properlies (SiON 박막의 광학적 특성에 대한 연구)

  • 김도형;임기주;김기현;김현석;김상식;성만영
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.247-250
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    • 2001
  • We studied optical properties of SiON thin-film in the applications of optical waveguide. SiON thin-film was grown in 300$^{\circ}C$ by PECVD(plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition) system. The change of SiON thin-film composition and refractive Index was studied as a function of varying NH$_3$ gas flow rate. As NH$_3$ gas flow rate was increased, Quantity of N and refractive index were increased at the same time. By the results, we could form the SiON thin-film to use of a waveguide with refractive index of 1.6. We analyzed the conditions of the thin-film with FTIR(fourier transform infrared) and OES(optical emission spectroscopy). N-H bonding(3390cm$\^$-1/) can be removed by thermal annealing. And we could observe the SiH bonding state and quantity by OES analysis in SiH$_4$

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Refractive Index Control of Silicon Oxynitride Thick Films on Core Layer of Silica Optical Waveguide (실리카 광도파로의 Core층인 Silicon Oxynitride후박의 굴절률 제어)

  • 김용탁;조성민;윤석규;서용곤;임영민;윤대호
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.594-597
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    • 2002
  • Silicon Oxynitride(SiON) thick films on p-type silicon(100) wafers have obtained by using plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition from SiH$_4$ , N$_2$O and N$_2$. Prism coupler measurements show that the refractive indices of SiON layers range from 1.4620 to 1.5312. A high deposition power of 180 W leads to deposition rates of up to 5.92${\mu}$m/h. The influence of the deposition condition on the chemical composition was investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. After deposition of the SiON thick films, the films were annealed at 1050$^{\circ}C$ in a nitrogen atmosphere for 2 h to remove absorption band near 1.5${\mu}$m.