• Title/Summary/Keyword: Time synchronization

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Software-based Performance Analysis of a Pseudolite Time Synchronization Method Depending on the Clock Source

  • Lee, Ju Hyun;Hwang, Soyoung;Yu, Dong-Hui;Park, Chansik;Lee, Sang Jeong
    • Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2014
  • A pseudolite is used as a GPS backup system, and is also used for the purpose of indoor navigation and correction information transmission. It is installed on the ground, and transmits signals that are similar to those of a GPS satellite. In addition, in recent years, studies on the improvement of positioning accuracy using the pseudorange measurement of a pseudolite have been performed. As for the effect of the time synchronization error between a pseudolite and a GPS satellite, a time synchronization error of 1 us generally induces a pseudorange error of 300 m; and to achieve meter-level positioning, ns-level time synchronization between a pseudolite and a GPS satellite is required. Therefore, for the operation of a pseudolite, a time synchronization algorithm between a GPS satellite and a pseudolite is essential. In this study, for the time synchronization of a pseudolite, "a pseudolite time synchronization method using the time source of UTC (KRIS)" and "a time synchronization method using a GPS timing receiver" were introduced; and the time synchronization performance depending on the pseudolite time source and reference time source was evaluated by designing a software-based pseudolite time synchronization performance evaluation simulation platform.

Implementation and Evaluation of a Time Synchronization Protocol for USN (USN을 위한 시간 동기화 프로토콜의 구현 및 평가)

  • Yang, Tao;Lee, Hyung-Bong
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 2008
  • In a distributed processing environment composed of many independent systems connected by networks, it is very important and difficult to make time synchronization between the systems. Especially in the USN environment the time synchronization is still more difficult than in general distributed processing environment because energy is limited and communication function is feeble. Even though of these difficulties, the USN environment requires higher precision of time synchronization. We of the typical applications requesting very strict time synchronization in USN is TDMA MAC. This paper proposes and evaluates a new time synchronization protocol HTSP(Hierarchical Time Synchronization Protocol) which is an advanced version of the FTSP(Flooding Time Synchronization Protocol) published recently. The time synchronization precision of the HTSP is equal to that of the FTSP, but the energy consumption of the HTSP is lower than that of the FTSP owing to the reduced number of broadcast messages. The simulation results show that the energy consumption of the HTSP is only 74% of that of the FTSP.

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Power Consumption Analysis of Prominent Time Synchronization Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks

  • Bae, Shi-Kyu
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.300-313
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    • 2014
  • Various Time Synchronization protocols for a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) have been developed since time synchronization is important in many time-critical WSN applications. Aside from synchronization accuracy, energy constraint should also be considered seriously for time synchronization protocols in WSNs, which typically have limited power environments. This paper performs analysis of prominent WSN time synchronization protocols in terms of power consumption and test by simulation. In the analysis and simulation tests, each protocol shows different performance in terms of power consumption. This result is helpful in choosing or developing an appropriate time synchronization protocol that meets the requirements of synchronization accuracy and power consumption (or network lifetime) for a specific WSN application.

A Time Synchronization Protocol of Sensor Nodes Combining Flooding-Routing Protocol with Bidirectional LTS (플러딩 라우팅 프로토콜과 양방향 LTS를 결합한 센서 노드의 시간 동기화 기법)

  • Shin, Jae-Hyuck;Oh, Hyun-Su;Jeon, Joong-Nam
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartC
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    • v.18C no.2
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2011
  • In wireless sensor networks Time synchronization used to be performed after routing tree is constructed. It results in increasing the number of packets and energy consumption. In this paper, we propose a time synchronization algorithm combined with flooding routing tree construction algorithm, which applies LTS (Lightweight Time Synchronization) information packed into the forwarding and backward routing packets. Furthermore, the proposed algorithm compensates the time error due to clock drift using the round time with fixed period. We prove that the proposed algorithm could synchronize the time of among sensor nodes more accurately compared to TSRA (Time Synchronization Routing Algorithm) using NS2 simulation tool.

Accuracy Analysis of Time Synchronization in Wireless Sensor Networks (무선 센서 네트워크에서 시각 동기 정확도 분석)

  • Hwang, Soyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1487-1495
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    • 2013
  • Time synchronization is a prerequisite in wireless sensor network applications such as object tracking, consistent state update, duplication detection, and temporal order delivery. This paper analyze time synchronization accuracy of pair-wise time synchronization algorithm which is a typical time synchronization model of time synchronization method in wireless sensor networks. In addition, the analyzed results are verified by simulations. These results can be utilized for performance improvement or development of time synchronization in wireless sensor networks.

An Analysis of Error Factors for Software Based Pseudolite Time Synchronization Performance Evaluation (소프트웨어 기반 의사위성 시각동기 기법 성능평가를 위한 오차 요소 분석)

  • Lee, Ju Hyun;Lee, Sun Yong;Hwang, Soyoung;Yu, Dong-Hui;Park, Chansik;Lee, Sang Jeong
    • Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.429-436
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    • 2014
  • This paper proposes three methods of the time synchronization for Pseudolite and GPS and analyzes pseudolite time synchronization error factors for software based performance evaluation on proposed time synchronization methods. Proposed three time synchronization methods are pseudolite time synchronization station construction method, method by using UTC(KRIS) clock source and GPS timing receiver based time synchronization method. Also, we analyze pseudolite time synchronization error factors such as errors of pseudolite clock and reference clock, time delay as clock transmission line, measurement error of time interval counter and error as clock synchronization algorithm to design simulation platform for performance evaluation of pseudolite time synchronization.

PTP Management Node-based Time Synchronization Error Detection and Recovery System (PTP Management Node 기반 시각동기 오류 검출 및 대응 시스템)

  • Kim, Yoon Hyun;Son, Kyou Jung;Seo, Young Duk;Chang, Tae Gyu
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.248-253
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    • 2020
  • This paper proposed PTP(Precision Time Protocol) management node-based time synchronization error detection and recovery system. The proposed system is to maintain the preciseness of time synchronization under time synchronization error situations on IEEE 1588-based network environment. To demonstrate the proposed time synchronization error detection and recovery system, PTP implemented EVM(Evaluation Module)-based experiments were performed. As a results of the experiments, it is shown that the proposed system effectively maintains the preciseness of time synchronization under time synchronization error situations.

Time Synchronization Error and Calibration in Integrated GPS/INS Systems

  • Ding, Weidong;Wang, Jinling;Li, Yong;Mumford, Peter;Rizos, Chris
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2008
  • The necessity for the precise time synchronization of measurement data from multiple sensors is widely recognized in the field of global positioning system/inertial navigation system (GPS/INS) integration. Having precise time synchronization is critical for achieving high data fusion performance. The limitations and advantages of various time synchronization scenarios and existing solutions are investigated in this paper. A criterion for evaluating synchronization accuracy requirements is derived on the basis of a comparison of the Kalman filter innovation series and the platform dynamics. An innovative time synchronization solution using a counter and two latching registers is proposed. The proposed solution has been implemented with off-the-shelf components and tested. The resolution and accuracy analysis shows that the proposed solution can achieve a time synchronization accuracy of 0.1 ms if INS can provide a hard-wired timing signal. A synchronization accuracy of 2 ms was achieved when the test system was used to synchronize a low-grade micro-electromechanical inertial measurement unit (IMU), which has only an RS-232 data output interface.

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Phase Locked Loop based Time Synchronization Algorithm for Telemetry System (텔레메트리 시스템을 위한 PLL 기반의 시각동기 알고리즘)

  • Kim, Geon-Hee;Jin, Mi-Hyun;Kim, Bok-Ki
    • Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.285-290
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    • 2020
  • This paper presents a time synchronization algorithm based on PLL for application to telemetry systems and implement FPGA logic. The large aircraft of the telemetry system acquires status information through each distributed acquisition devices and analyzes the flight status in real time. For this reason, time synchronization between systems is important to improve precision. This paper presents a PLL based time synchronization algorithm that is less complex than other time synchronization methods and takes less time to process data because there is minimized message transmission for synchronization. The validity of proposed algorithm is proved by simulation of Python. And the VHDL logic was implemented in FPGA to check the time synchronization performance.

Technical Trend of Time Synchronization Equipment in Naro Space Center (나로우주센터 표준시각 동기화장비 기술동향)

  • Han, Yoo-Soo;Choi, Yong-Tae
    • Current Industrial and Technological Trends in Aerospace
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.116-123
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    • 2008
  • In the launch mission, mission control systems and tracking systems need time synchronization for data monitoring and data analysis. There are several standards for time synchronization and an adequate standard is selected according to the requirement of time accuracy and cost among time synchronization standards. Oscillators are used to maintain time accuracy. There are some kinds of oscillators with diverse characteristics and an adequate oscillator can be adopted according to time accuracy. In this paper, we will specify characteristics of several oscillators and standards generally used for time synchronization. And we will also introduce TSDN(time synchronization and display network) for time synchronization in Naro Space Center.

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